ACADEMIC GOVERNANCE AND LEADERSHIP IN VIETNAM: TRENDS AND CHALLENGES
Jamil Salmi and Ly Pham (2016)
After two decades of rapid expansion, Vietnam’s higher education landscape has changed significantly. The number of students, institutions and faculty members has increased remarkably, and the emergence of a private sector has been a further aspect of the system’s evolution. These changes have contributed greatly to economic growth and social development. Change in the system’s governance structures and leadership model has, however, occurred more slowly, which is presenting some pressing challenges for the system’s future.
Appropriate governance has been identified by Salmi (1999) to be of major importance to the effective functioning of higher education institutions (HEIs). This chapter sets out, therefore, to analyse how governance arrangements and processes have evolved in Vietnam’s higher education system over the past two decades. It reviews the structures, processes and activities that are involved in the planning and direction of the system. This task involves looking at system-wide governance and stewardship, as well as examining at an institutional level the governance structures and processes that determine the degree of autonomy that HEIs enjoy and the mechanisms of accountability to which they are subject. After providing a description of the Vietnamese higher education landscape, the chapter explores in succession the main features of system-wide governance, how institutional autonomy has evolved, and the main external factors that explain this evolution.
Source: Academic Governance and Leadership in East and Southeast Asia (forthcoming). In Springer’s Knowledge Studies in Higher Education series. Editors: Prof. Martin Hayden, Prof. Lynn Meek, Assoc. Prof. Jung-Cheol Shin, and Dr Julie Rowlands.